Nonsurgical Treatments for Bunions
If you have a bunion, a bony bump on the side of the big toe, you may have heard that surgery is needed to treat the pain that it causes. This is not necessarily true, as there are nonsurgical treatments for bunions as well. Changing your shoes to a pair that are wider and more supportive, wearing orthotics, wearing pads placed over the bunion, avoiding activities that cause bunion pain, taking nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications, or icing the foot can all help ease your pain. If nonsurgical treatments do not provide much relief, or if the pain from your bunion is severe enough to interfere with daily activities, then it may be time to consider surgery. If you are suffering from bunions, it is recommended that you see a podiatrist for treatment.
What Is a Bunion?
A bunion is formed of swollen tissue or an enlargement of boney growth, usually located at the base joint of the toe that connects to the foot. The swelling occurs due to the bones in the big toe shifting inward, which impacts the other toes of the foot. This causes the area around the base of the big toe to become inflamed and painful.
Why Do Bunions Form?
Genetics – Susceptibility to bunions are often hereditary
Stress on the feet – Poorly fitted and uncomfortable footwear that places stress on feet, such as heels, can worsen existing bunions
How Are Bunions Diagnosed?
Doctors often perform two tests – blood tests and x-rays – when trying to diagnose bunions, especially in the early stages of development. Blood tests help determine if the foot pain is being caused by something else, such as arthritis, while x-rays provide a clear picture of your bone structure to your doctor.
How Are Bunions Treated?
- Refrain from wearing heels or similar shoes that cause discomfort
- Select wider shoes that can provide more comfort and reduce pain
- Anti-inflammatory and pain management drugs
- Orthotics or foot inserts
If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Corsicana, Ennis, and Waxahachie, TX. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.
The information provided in this article is not meant to be medical advice and is for educational purposes only. If you would like to learn more about topics related to podiatry, feel free to contact Family Foot & Ankle Centers by clicking here or calling 972-597-4132 to reach our Waxahachie office, 903-872-9910 to reach our Corsicana office, or 972-875-3668 to reach our Ennis office.